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Quick quiz: is dumpster diving
A) a sport
B) a popular hobby for the frugal
C) an environmentally and socially conscious way of life
The answer is all of the above. As the name implies, dumpster diving (known as “skip diving" in many parts of the world) is the process of scavenging trash—not always dumpsters, however—for useful or valuable items. Believe it or not, though, dumpster diving is quickly approaching mainstream status even in affluent countries. Whether you’re looking to furnish your home, fill your fridge, or cash in on other people’s trash, this guide will teach you the ins and outs of dumpster diving.
Remember, one man's trash is another man's treasure!
- Know your local laws. In many jurisdictions trash is not considered private property, so dumpster divers cannot be charged with theft, however, some municipalities have ordinances prohibiting scavenging trash, most notably in the United Kingdom.Australian Law reflects a thinly disguised intollerance of the practice. Dumpster divers may run afoul of laws regarding trespassing, invasion of privacy,environmental,or even in some cases "Theft".In addition police in most states have "move On" powers that are often bought to bare on salvagers. Research the laws in your area or contact your local police department to inquire about the legality of diving practices.
- Prepare yourself mentally and adapt your methods to avoid practices you see as disgusting. If you're still put off by sifting through trash, consider scavenging only items placed with trash but not in rubbish bins, such as furniture and sometimes crates of food.
- Network with other divers. As you get into dumpster diving, you'll likely meet other divers, and many, but not all, will be friendly and helpful. Share tips and experiences and you'll probably get some good tips in return. Consider joining an online dumpster diving forum or a local club. Other divers can keep a look out for items that you want.
- Find the dumpsters in your area and keep track of when you find the best items and when the garbage collectors come. In residential areas, find out standard move-in and move-out dates.
- Plan your diving according to what you're looking for. If you're just looking for unexpected treasures, you can look pretty much anywhere, but if you want something like food, search behind grocery stores and bakeries. Most stores throw out food at the expiration date, though much of it is still good, only a little past its peak. Look for larger items like furniture or electronic items sitting next to trash cans. Look online at dumpster diving forums for tips on where to go in your area.
- Wear appropriate clothing. Wear protective gloves, long-sleeve shirts and pants to protect you from dirt and cuts. If you're going to actually enter a dumpster, wear sturdy fabrics such as denim, and cover as much of your body as possible. Protect your feet by wearing thick, fully-enclosed shoes or boots. Wear clothes that you don't care too much about.
- Equip yourself. At the very least carry a milk crate or stepping stool to help you see and access the contents of dumpsters and bring plastic bags to hold your treasures. Also be sure to bring a flashlight if you're diving at night. Remember that you don't have to dive right into a dumpster — bring along a long pole to poke around with or one with a grabbing apparatus on the end, and you may not need to venture in at all.
- Make sure no one is around and keep a look out. Dumpster diving is somewhat controversial, and divers are frequently confronted by shopkeepers or homeowners. While a confrontation is no big deal if handled properly, you should still try to avoid it. If you see people in the area, wait a while.
- Handle with care. Be very careful when handling trash or entering dumpsters. Broken glass and sharp objects can cut you, and you could be poked by a used needle. Protective clothing can somewhat help avoid these dangers, but you should always exercise caution when rummaging through bags of trash.
- Take only what you need and can realistically use. Take what you can use, but remember that there are a lot of dumpster divers, and someone may have a dire need for something that you'll just leave sitting in your garage.
- Clean up after yourself. If you've thrown garbage all around, pick it up and put it back into the dumpster. While you're at it, throw away other nearby trash that's on the ground. Leave the area as clean or cleaner than you found it — don't give dumpster diving a bad name.
- Clean items thoroughly. Cleaning is especially important with food. Check packaged items for holes and leaks and take special care to wash produce, preferably in a mild bleach and water solution. The food you buy in grocery stores is usually treated in this way anyway, so this isn't a drastic step.
- Clean yourself thoroughly. Take a good shower with soap to wash the dirt and germs off.
- Learn from your dumpster diving experiences and try to stay flexible as there are many unknowns when it comes to dumpster diving. Share what you've learned with others and help out those less experienced than you.
- Check out community Web sites for more free things. The free section of craigslist is a good resource if you live in a metropolitan area, and many communities have freecycle groups where people give away their unwanted treasures to keep them out of landfills. If you participate in one of these communities, remember to give as well as receive.
- If you live near a university when graduation rolls around the seniors have to move out fast and leave lots of stuff behind. Underclassmen will leave things behind as well but usually right before graduation. Some janitors are nice and allow you to paw through the bags of stuff they leave outside the dorms to be picked up.
- Dive with a friend; it's a lot more fun with company and safer, too. A friend can help you out if you become injured, can help defuse confrontations and keep look out.
- Empty your pockets and take off any jewelry before entering a dumpster so you don't lose it in the trash for another diver to find.
- If confronted by a business owner, resident, rubbish hauler, or police officer, be polite and explain what you are doing. Many times people will assume that you are illegally dumping trash and will not bother you if they understand that you are not. In any case, always be friendly and respectful, and try to understand the other person’s point of view: business owners who tell you to leave the premises, for example, may be concerned about their legal liability if you were to be injured.
- While diving, keep a few cardboard boxes around outside the dumpster in a little pile. If confronted, you can say you were searching for some boxes to help with a move. The employees are more likely to give you a better reaction than if you tell them you were looking for products they sell.
- Let it be known in your neighborhood that you find homes for discarded items. Many people can't be bothered to call a charity shop, but are all too happy to ask a neighbor to haul things away for them.
- When scavenging for food, look for freshly filled dumpsters rather than full dumpsters.
- Before vaulting into a dumpster, hit the side of the dumpster a few times to warn its inhabitants (i.e., possums, raccoons, rats, squirrels) of your impending scavenging. Watch out for possums as they will fight, and rats will run over the top of you to get away.
- A white butcher smock makes you look like a grocery store employee and you are seldom bothered by other dumpster divers or law enforcement when they see that smock.
- A cheap set of long-handled fireplace log tongs work wonderfully for retrieving items if you don't want to climb in. A miner's cap with a light or a trustworthy headlamp is better than a flashlight because it allows you to work two handed.
- If you don't like to get very dirty, you can try magazine dumpster diving. The magazine recycling boxes are usually very clean, and sometimes you can find some very good reading material in them if you don't want to buy a subscription to a magazine.
- If you are worried about safety, you can park your car in front of the dumpster to make it impossible to have it dumped. In some cases this is illegal, but if you are diving on a day close to trash pickup day, it could save your life.
- Never try to access a dumpster or other trash that is fenced in or that has "no trespassing" signs posted nearby.
- Always wear moderately thick gloves so that you do not cut your hands or prick them with used needles.
- Never take documents containing personal information or use such information for illegal purposes.
- Do not escalate confrontations. If someone asks you to leave, do so, even if you know your activity to be perfectly legal.
- Do not enter a dumpster when garbage trucks are in the area; if a truck approaches, get out of the dumpster immediately.
- Beware of dumpster lids slamming down on you because of wind or gravity.
- Know how to tell when canned products have spoiled, they may contain botulism toxin which can be fatal.
- Consider keeping your tetanus, hep A/B immunizations up to date in case you get cut. Broken skin,or fluid contact situtions may not injure but they can be fatal.
- Never enter a dumpster that is equipped with a compactor.
- Dumpster diving is illegal in the United Kingdom and is classed as theft. Property which is put in a bin remains the property of the person who owned it until the council or other body collect it. After it has been collected, it becomes the property of that body. People have been prosecuted over this. If you wish to do this you should seek the permission of the legal owner to take any item.Australian law is not a great deal better,but to seek permission is usually to be refused, for fear the owner has left themselves open to injury law suit.
- For open-topped industrial dumpsters, do not lean over the edges of the bin - you can crack ribs this way or get a hernia.
- Do not collect beds which can contain bedbugs that are very difficult to get rid of.
- Do not actually dive into the dumpster; it is a hypothetical term. You should bring a ladder and slowly ease into the dumpster.
- Do not smoke or use open flame as a light source while dumpster diving as even just a dropped cigarette or ash can smolder, catch fire and engulf a dumpster very quickly. You have no idea what type of flamable material may be in or around a dumpster and these types of fires are very hard to put out.
- Do not take any sort of melons from the dumpster. Melons can absorb liquids which rot the melon from inside out. If eaten it can be fatal.
Things you'll need
- Comfortable, sturdy clothes you don't mind getting dirty
- Cheap pants with leather or denim patches sewn over the knees for added protection
- Strong, fully-enclosed shoes or boots
- Milk crate or stool
- Plastic bags
- A stick or grabbing device for poking about
- Flashlight or headlamp
- First aid kit
- Hand Sanitizer
- Metal Fork
Sources and citations
- [http://www.dumpsterworld.com/ The largest internet forum of dumpster diving information.
- A Shout Out To Eating Garbage: On Dumpster Diving A CBC National News story (4 minute video) and personal reflections on dumpster diving.
- FrugalVillage.com An introduction to dumpster diving
- Freecycle.org List items to give away or items you need—search for your local group
- www.freegan.info/ Freegan.info Anti-capitalist lifestyle movement with a strong emphasis on dumpster diving.
- trashwiki.org - a wiki about dumpster diving around the world.
- [http://www.dumpstern.de/ German information Page about dumpster diving.
http://groups.yahoo.com/group/Ohiodumpsterdivers/more photos then other sites